Submitted by FHMaster on Tue, 03/30/2021 - 11:09

Basic Information

  • Location – JacksonAiken County

    13 miles south of Augusta, Georgia

  • Origin of name – In the 1500s, word spread that there were large deposits of silver in the area. So much so that the sunlight bounced off of the exposed minerals. It was found though not to be silver but an abnormal outcropping of mica high on a bluff over the Savannah River (2, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965, p. 80).
  • Other names – Silvanus Bluf (4)
  • Current status – A portion of the original plantation lands is part of the Silver Bluff Audubon Center and Sanctuary (5).


  • Mid 1700s – Earliest known date of existence

    George Galphin acquired the property and called it Silver Bluff. This area had been known by that name for 200 years (2, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965, p. 80).

  • Mid 1700s – House built (2, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965, p. 80)

    Galphin built a house at Silver Bluff which was the first brick house in the region (2, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965, p. 80).

  • During the Revolutionary War, the brick house was used as a fort and was known as Fort Galphin (2, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965, p. 80).
  • 1796 – Ephraim Ramsay and Charles Goodwin acquired the 3,000 acre plantation that sat on both sides of the Savannah River as a partnership (4).
  • ? – House built
  • 1818 – Charles Goodwin lost the plantation to a court ordered sale (it is unclear what happened to Ephraim Ramsay's share of the plantation's partnership with Goodwin). Barna McKinne acquired it at this time (3).
  • 1822 – Christopher Fitzsimons purchased property on both sides of the Savannah River which included Silver Bluff Plantation (3).
  • 1825 – Catherine Elizabeth Fitzsimmons inherited Silver Bluff Plantation from her father Christopher Fitzsimons when he died in this year. She was only 11 years old (3).
  • 1831 – James Henry Hammond received Silver Bluff Plantation through his marriage to Catherine Elizabeth Fitzsimmons (1, p. 5).
  • 1864 – James Hammond died leaving a large estate comprised mostly of land (1, p. 137).
  • 1869 – To pay off estate debts, the plantations were to be sold. Hammond's son Harry, developed a plan that would keep most of the holdings in the hands of the family. All properties were sold by sealed bid with Silver Bluff being divided into three sections and purchased by brothers Harry and Paul Hammond and their mother Catherine Hammond (1, p. 137, 162).
  • 1896 – Catherine died and left her portion of Silver Bluff to her daughter Elizabeth Hammond Eve (1, p. 162).
  • ? – The Eves were not interest in farming and soon turned their Silver Bluff property over to Emily Cumming Hammond, the wife of Elizabeth's brother Harry. Harry continued farming Silver Bluff in the whole (1, p. 162).
  • 1911 – Emily died and her 2,000 acre section of Silver Bluff was the only piece of the plantation that was still owned by a Hammond. This 2,000 acres was sold to her son Kit Hammond for $11,000 by her estate (1, p. 162).
  • ? – Kit sold most of the Hammond land holdings including 1,500 acres of Silver Bluff. By 1916, this 500 acres and Redcliffe Plantation was the only pieces that remained in the Hammond Family (1, p. 162, 307).


George Galphin