Braddock's Point Plantation

Submitted byFHMaster onSun, 03/28/2021 - 13:20

On Hilton Head Island, probably destroyed by development.

38BU58/1161


General Information -

• Location  - southern end of the island, Lots 46 and 47 of Bayley’s Barony.

• Origin of name - Both the promontory at the junction of Calibogue Sound and the Atlantic Ocean and Braddock’s Point Plantation were named for David Cutler Braddock, Captain of the Scout Boat maintained by the Colony of South Carolina as a lookout against the Spaniards from 1740 until the 1763 Treaty of Paris.

• See Also Stoney-Baynard Plantation

Owners -

• Leased by John Gambol and James Gray.
• John Mark Verdier – bought  Lot 46 of 397 acres 20 April 1785 (?) for 600 pounds from Peter Bayley.  
• In 1776 Captain John Stoney (1757-1821) bought the 1000 acres from Beaufort merchant John Mark Verdier and, around 1793, began building the mansion house whose ruins can be seen today.  
• Captain James Stoney (1772-1827), his son, inherited the property.
• Dr. George Mosse Stoney next inherited the property.
• “Saucy Jack” Stoney given the plantation in 1838. 
• In 1845 William Eddings Baynard purchased the heavily mortgaged property from the bank for $10,000.
• Catherine Adelaide and William Eddings Baynard inherited in 1849.
• Redeemed by sons after confiscation.  (See also Spanish Wells)
• In 1893 Elizabeth Baynard Ullmer filed suit against the other heirs to establish the claim of the children of the deceased Ephraim to share in the estate.  The court ordered the land sold to satisfy her claim, and in 1894 Braddock’s Point and Spanish Wells were bought by Will Clyde.
• William P. Clyde (1894)
• Roy A. Rainey (1919) 
• Thorne and Loomis (1931)
• Hilton Head Company (1951)

Land -  
• 1000 acres
• Crops: Sea Island cotton, corn, peas, sweet potatoes
  
Maps -  

Hack, "Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, before 1861"
Mosse, "Hilton Head Island, 1783.  Lots 46, 47"

Bibliography -  

Peeples, An Index to Hilton Head Island Names
The Museum of Hilton Head, The Stoney-Baynard Ruins, a Self-Guiding Walk.


Basic Information

  • Location – Hilton Head IslandBeaufort County

    In Sea Pines Plantation, a present-day real estate development, 84 Baynard Park Road at Plantation Drive

  • Origin of name – Named for Captain David Cutler Braddock, commander of the colonial half-galley Beaufort in 1742.
  • Other names – Braddock Cove, Calibogue Point, Stoney-Baynard Hall
  • Current status – Listed on National Register of Historical Places – owned by Sea Pines Plantation Company

    "Today, the tabby structure is comprised of a foundation and the outer structure or shell of the home. Seen from a distance, the ruins seem blurred. Up close, the thousands of oyster shells create a honeycomb, a complex texture that is simultaneously pocked and smooth. There are windows that look like ancient portholes, and bits of stucco still cling to the tabby. The effect is not unlike that of a medieval abbey or a Roman ruin, the remnants of a dream (4)."

Timeline

  • ? – Earliest known date of existence

    Plantation was "composed of Lots 46 and 47 of Bayley's Barony [owned by Peter Bayley] [and] described as lands formerly leased by John Gamble and James Gray" (7). A different source has the plantation being Lots 13 and 14 of Bayley's Barony. Bayley's Barony would later be owned by John Bailey (10).

    The property was seized by the state after the Revolutionary War and was later returned to John Bailey's heir Benjamin Bailey (10).

  • ? – John Mark Verdier, a merchant in Beaufort, acquired the land (11).
  • 1776 – Captain James Stoney purchased Braddock's Point Plantation from Verdier (11).
  • 1793-1820 – House built by James Stoney

    Historians differ on exact date. The South Carolina Institute of Archeology & Anthropology frames construction between 1800 and 1820. Another estimate falls as early as 1793, while author Robert Peeples states that "the Braddock Point Plantation house apparently was built by the Stoney's around 1796" (7).

  • 1827 – James Stoney died on February 10 leaving the plantation, and a large amount of debt, to his brother Captain John Stoney (10).
  • 1830s – John Stoney died leaving the plantation to Dr. George Mosse Stoney. John had mortgaged the property through the Bank of Charleston shortly before his death (10).
  • Circa 1838 – Dr. George Mosse Stoney gave the plantation to his eldest son "Saucy Jack" (given name unknown) (11).
  • 1845 – At some point, the Bank of Charleston took possession of the plantation and sold it to William Eddings Baynard for $10,000 (10).
  • 1849 – William Eddings Baynard passed away and Braddock's Point was left to his son Ephraim Baynard (10).
  • November 10-11, 1861 – Civil War engagement. Records show the Union Army used the house as late as 1864 (9) (10).
  • 1867 – Stoney-Baynard Hall burned sometime between the middle of August and the middle of December (8).
  • Late 1860s – Like other plantations in South Carolina, the Civil War took a toll on the plantation's value. The Baynard family was unable to pay the $155 tax bill on the property that was valued at $4,000 and the Federal government took possession of the plantation, paying $845 for it (10).
  • 1875 – The Baynards were able to reclaim the plantation on August 2 except for the point which the government kept for a light house (10).
  • 1894 – William P. Clyde bought the property for $4,683 on February 19 (10).

    1919 – Roy A. Rainey purchased the plantation (10).

  • 1931 – The property was sold to Thorne and Loomis (10).

  • 1951 – The Hilton Head Company purchased the plantation which has since been developed into Sea Pines Plantation (10).Land

 

  • Number of acres – 1,000 (at least from 1776 to 1840); 1,500 in 1867 (10)
  • Primary crops – Cotton, corn, peas, sweet potatoes (10)

    The plantation also sold butter (10).

Slaves

  • Number of slaves – The Baynard family claimed the loss of 129 slaves during the Civil War (10)

    In 1838 there were 22 slave quarters and a driver's house (10).

Buildings

  • House – The walls were two feet thick and constructed from tabby, "a mixture of oyster shells, some whole and others burnt to a lime powder, as well as sand and water (7)."

    More about tabby plus photograph

References & Resources

  1. National Register of Historic Places
    – Nomination form - PDF - submitted in 1994
    – Photographs, architectural overview

  2. The Stoney-Baynard Ruins: The Story of the Ruins

  3. Stoney-Baynard Ruins Slave Dwelling, Stoney-Baynard Ruins - scroll down

  4. BestRead Guide's Stoney-Baynard Ruins - no longer online

  5. Claude Henry Neuffer, editor, Names in South Carolina, Volume I through 30 (Columbia, SC: The State Printing Company)
      Order Names in South Carolina, Volumes I-XII, 1954-1965
      Order Names in South Carolina, Index XIII-XVIII

  6. Trinkley, Chicora Foundation Research Series #24, Preliminary Historical Research on the Baynard Plantation, Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, pages 15-17

  7. Robert Peeples, An Index to Hilton Head Names (Before the Contemporary Development)

  8. Natalie Adams, Michael Trinkley, and Debi Hacker, Chicora Foundation Research Series 40: In the Shadow of the Big House: Domestic Slaves at Stoney/Baynard Plantation, Hilton Head Island

  9. United States War Department, The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Ithica, NY: Cornell University Library, 2009)

  10. The Heritage Library Foundation - Stoney-Baynard Plantation

  11. Capitan John Stoney - genealogy posting

More about Beaufort County

 

 

Location
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
State
Status
Ruins
Address
2 different plantations?